Dr Gonzalo E. Díaz Murillo



Benign Prostate Benign prostate hypertrophy is one of the most frequent diseases men have. It consists of an abnormal increase in the size of the prostate. It usually makes it difficult to empty the bladder and produces urinary retention.

The pressure produced in the bladder due to the urine that has been retained puts retrograde pressure on the kidneys, dilating them and causing hydronephrosis. This same pressure moves the bacteria from the bladder to the kidneys which causes nephritis. It can affect renal function to the point that dialysis is required.

Timely treatment of prostate hypertrophy is essential for keeping renal function normal. The treatment is not necessarily surgical. The state of the prostate and the kidneys should be carefully evaluated before a suitable treatment is decided on.

Other diseases also appear in the prostate such as cysts, abscesses, hematomas and stones. They are diagnosed only by ultrasound and their treatment depends on the original cause. The best way to detect prostate diseases is through a C.A.D. transrectal prostate sonogram in color, which is included in the C.M.P.

A DRE (Digital Rectal Examination) cannot detect hypertrophy on the front of the prostate so other diagnostic means are needed. The PSA is elevated when there is prostate hypertrophy.